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Thursday, 15 November 2012 09:57

Solid Waste Management in Nigeria

Written by  Edith Tobore Iruruaga

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Editor' Note: This paper has been targeted for a broad audience. The level of scientific detail provided is therefore not as high as would be normally be required in technical paper subject to peer review by environment industry professionals.


Introduction

Nigeria is located at the Western part of Africa. It has 36 States and a Federal Capital Territory. The World Bank report of 2011 stated the population of Nigeria as 162, 470, 737 with a GDP of US$ 235.9billion. With increase in population, urbanization and industrialization including globalization, the challenge of solid waste management (SWM) in the Country has increased and even now complex.

Contributory factors to the challenge include inadequate regulatory framework that has manifested in lack of interest of private sector investment in service delivery (infrastructure); uncoordinated institutional functions; low political will, low capacity to discharges duties, poor data information for planning, wrong attitude of waste generator amongst others. Yet on the increase is the demand for good waste management service for public health and environmental protection.

However the above generality in SWM in Nigeria, the commitment of the Lagos State Government towards sustainable waste management has made Lagos State a model for other States in the Country. This paper will be describing the waste management situation in Nigeria with notable examples from Lagos State.

Relevant Legislation

Environmental issue is administered by the Ministry of Environment at the Federal and States levels with Environmental Health department at Local Government level. Established legislations relating to waste management include;

  • THE HARMFUL WASTE (SPECIAL CRIMINAL PROVISIONS, ETC) ACT , 1988
  • THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ENFORCEMENT AGENCY ACT 2007 (NESREA ACT, repealed the Federal Environmental Protection Act of 1988)
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ACT OF 1992

Relevant regulations are:

  • NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL (SANITATION AND WASTES CONTROL) REGULATIONS, 2009)
  • THE National Environmental Protection (POLLUTION ABATEMENT IN INDUSTRIES AND FACILITIES GENERATING WASTE) REGULATIONS          

Legislations at the State level amongst other include;

  • Lagos State Waste Management Authority
  • Oyo State Solid Waste Management
  • Kano State Refuse Management and Sanitation Board
  • Kaduna State Environmental Protection Authority Law
  • Rivers State Environmental Sanitation Authority
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