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Wednesday, 24 October 2012 18:11

Regional Approach- Municipal Solid Waste Management

Written by  Dr Amiya Kumar Sahu
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Challenges of Regionalization

Despite all advantages that regionalization of landfill brings, many challenges need to be addressed. The main challenge occurs when two or more municipalities come together with different goals. Although neighboring municipalities shares many common SWM needs and concern, disparities in population, geography, industrial base, or other characteristic may make it difficult for them to agree on specific regional projects

Municipalities considering regionalization should recognize that costs and benefits of regional projects, although shared, will not necessarily be identical for all communities. Municipal officials might need to consider the trade offs of sharing common facilities.

Transport of waste across jurisdiction could also be a source of conflicts. Regionalization sometimes requires that waste be transported over long distance and through neighboring areas and communities. The road leading to a regional solid waste facility might see an increase in traffic. The source of conflicts is related to the concerns over the resulting congestion, pollution road way wear and tear.

Future Perspective on Regional Approach

  • Use of GIS: GIS has the potential to become a useful tool to help identify regional wastes disposal sites.
  • Need for scientific and techno commercial assessment of the site specific needs leading to regional facilities creation.
  • Small remote area still need to resolve their issues, therefore development of cost effective solutions for small urban/semi urban areas need to be researched.


  Dr. Amiya Kumar Sahu

Dr. Amiya Kumar Sahu is the founder and President of National Solid Waste Association of India (NSWAI) (website: established in 1996 in Mumbai. He holds a PhD degree from USA in Environmental Sciences and M.E in Solid Waste Management from IHE (Delft), Netherlands. After commencing his career as a Sr. Scientific Officer in Air Pollution Prevention Cell, Mumbai Municipal Corporation between 1976-1983 as In- charge of Air Surveillance Project in the city of Mumbai, he joined Associated Industrial Consultants, Mumbai as Project Engineer till 1985. Dr Sahu was working as Technical Team leader (World Bank) for the Sectoral Studies of Municipal Waste in Bangladesh. And was also consultant to Inter-agency (UNEP, IAEA, WHO) in air pollution projects. He was instrumental to draft MSW Rules, 2000 in India. He even promotes introduction of the subject on solid waste in higher studies and research activities in India and believes in the principle of 3-E that is Ethics-Environment-Economics.


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